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Sri Lanka : Births fall, deaths rise

Sri Lanka's estimated mid-year population, last year, was 21 million, Census and Statistics Department in an article posted on its website yesterday (27 October) said.
Of this number, men comprised 10.2 million and women, 10.8 million.

Further,those between the ages of 0 and 19 years comprised 33.3 per cent of the population, followed closely by those between the ages of 20 and 49 (33.1 per cent) and the balance, those between 50 years and above (23.6 per cent).
The highest population of 2.4 million was reported from Colombo district whereas the lowest was reported from Mullaitivu district (94,000).

As a result of natural increase, the excess of births over deaths, an estimated 203,207 people were added to the population last year (2015) at an annual rate of 0.96 per cent. The number of births last year was 334,821 (a decrease of 14,894 from 2014). Sri Lanka's crude birth rate (CBR)* in 2015 was 16.0 per 1,000 population, a decline from 2014 rate of 16.3.

A total of 175,939 marriages were registered last year.The crude marriage rate of 8.4 per 1,000 population in 2015 was the lowest rate in the general decline in marriages since 2000. There were 131,614 deaths registered in Sri Lanka in 2015 (74,040 -males and 57,540 –females) which is 3,856 more than the previous year. The crude death rate in 2015 was 6.3 deaths per 1,000 population as opposed to 6.2 in 2014. The highest death rate 7.6 was reported from Galle District followed by Kandy and Colombo (7.0 each). 

Regardless of gender, the highest CBR (20.5 each) was reported from Trincomalee and Ampara Districts respectively, while the lowest was reported from Mullaitivu District (12.2), last year. Considering the CBR by province, highest CBR (19.4) was reported from the Eastern Province and lowest CBR (13.8) from the Western Province.
* The crude birth rate is the number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year.